National Rating Standards
Using the standards outlined below, PAVO National Rating Teams (NRT) have the authority to award and renew National ratings.
Minimum initial certification standards are established by PAVO:
- Pass the NCAA/PAVO closed-book written (theoretical) examination (Form A or B) with a minimum score of 90 by September 1. See the PAVO Theoretical Exam Procedures in the annual board packet, available from your local board chair.
- Pass a practical (on-court) examination at an NRT site with a minimum score of 90. There must be at least three raters, all holding National ratings.
- Rating expires on December 31st four years after the year in which the rating is awarded.
Maintaining a National Rating:
- By September 1 - Pass Form A of the theoretical examination with a minimum score of 90 without using a rule book or other resources, and within the 90 minute time allowance. If a score of 90 is not attained, the referee can be re-examined using Form B, using the same criteria as above. See the PAVO Theoretical Exam Procedures in the annual board packet. Test results must be submitted to the NRT Director by September 1.
- Attend a NCAA/PAVO clinic prior to each women's collegiate season.
- Submit an annual survey to the NRT Director by March 1st each year for the previous season. Please note this revised date - points entered after this date will NOT be accepted!!
If a National referee fails to meet any of the above requirements once, the referee is ineligible to receive renewal points for that season. Two failures to meet any of the above requirements during one renewal term will result in losing the National certification.
If you have any questions, please contact Mara Wager (NRT.Director@pavo.org)
Renewing a National Rating
In addition to meeting the annual requirements outlined above, there are additional requirements for renewing a National rating:
- Renewal fee of fifty dollars ($50) payable to PAVO in the renewal year, or every four years.
- Demonstration that the National referee is still officiating at a highly skilled level. This requirement can be met by either of the following methods:
- Pass a practical examination at an NRT site with a minimum score of 90.
- Earn enough renewal points as specified in the Point Renewal System below.
Point Renewal System for Renewing National Referees:
The Point Renewal System awards credit to National referees who demonstrate a level of skill that earns them officiating and leadership opportunities. Click here for a pdf of the Point Renewal document dated 5/15/14. One point is awarded for the each item in the following three categories:
Category I - Women's Intercollegiate Volleyball
- Semifinals or finals of a WOMEN'S NCAA conference championship, any division (one point maximum per event)
- WOMEN'S NCAA Tournament play-in match (any division)
- WOMEN'S NCAA First/Second Round (any division)
- WOMEN'S NCAA Regional Tournament (any division)
- WOMEN'S NCAA National Championships (any division)
- WOMEN'S national championships (final round) in NAIA or NJCAA
- Referee at least four (4) women's collegiate conference matches in one NCAA Division I conference. Only one Category I point can be earned per season using this criterion, and a maximum of three (3) points can be earned per renewal period.
Category II - Training, Rating, Educating (Points granted for participation in PAVO events only. USAV events do not apply)
- Conduct an NCAA/PAVO Clinic program (one point per year maximum)
- Actively rate for the PAVO National Rating Team
- Serve on the staff at a PAVO Training Program Camp
- Present a session at the PAVO Convention
- Head Referee at NAIA National Championships
Category III - Other Volleyball Competition
- Play-in match to the NAIA national championship
- Play-in match to the NJCAA national championship or regional tournament
- Semifinals or finals of a WOMEN'S NAIA conference championship (one pt maximum per season)
- Semifinals or finals of a WOMEN'S NJCAA (any division) conference championship (one pt maximum per season)
- WOMEN'S state junior college championship tournaments in states that are not affiliated with NJCAA
- Finals of the Gold divison of the following categories at the USAV Volleyball Adult Open Championships (Opens, AA, A, BB, B, 45 and younger Men, 35 and younger Women)
- Finals of the Gold division of the following categories at the USAV Girls or Boys Junior National Volleyball Championships: 16-yr, 17-yr, or 18yr
- Finals of the Gold Open division of the following categories at the AAU Girls National Championships: 16-yr, 17-yr, or 18-yr
- Finals of the Gold Open division of the following categories at the USAV High Performance Championships: Boys International Junior or Girls International Junior (verified by USA Volleyball)
- Division I Gold Finals of the NCVF Club Championships
- NCAA MEN'S National championships-final round (all divisions)
- NAIA Men's National Championships
- Men's Armed Forces Championships
- AAA or AA finals of a girls' or boys' high school state championship where NCAA rules are used
- Referee at least four (4) women's collegiate conference matches in one NCAA Division I conference. Only one Category III point can be earned per season using this criterion, and the matches must be from a different conference than the matches used for a renewal point in Category I.
To renew a PAVO National rating with the Point Renewal System, a National referee must meet the following criteria:
- Earn eight (8) points during the four-year term of the rating.
- A minimum of four (4) points in those four years must be earned in Category I.
- Remaining points can be earned from any combination of the three categories.
- In order to earn points in Categories I and III, the official must have officiated as a first or second referee. Positions such as line judge, scorekeeper, alternate official, and so forth do not qualify to earn points.
Applying for a National Rating
The National Rating Team conducts three to four rating sessions a year in various parts of the country. If you are interested in obtaining a National rating, you must apply as a candidate to a rating site by May 15th for the NRT sites for the following fall sites below. The 2014 sites are:
- August 29-30
University of Central Florida (Orlando) - Referee site
University of Kentucky (Lexington) - Referee site
- Sept 5-6
Missouri St University (Springfield) - Referee & Line Judge site
- Sept 12-13
Northwestern University (Evanston, IL) - Referee & Line Judge site
Application Process and Candidate Criteria
To be accepted at a National Rating session, applicants must meet the following criteria:
- Hold a current State rating for two (2) years, a current PAVO National rating, an Retired National rating, or be accepted as a reciprocal candidate from USA Volleyball (click here for details on reciprocation)
- Pass a closed-book PAVO/USAV Theoretical Examination (Form A or B) with a minimum score of 90. The examination must be written for the same season as the NRT application. Examination results must be received by the NRT Director by September 1.
- Refereed at a national, state, regional, or qualifying women's collegiate tournament in at least one (1) of the two (2) previous years, be accepted as a reciprocal candidate from USA Volleyball (click here for details on reciprocation) or obtained signatures from three (3) different individuals who serve in any of the following capacities:
- National Rating Team member (1 maximum).
- Certifying board chair.
- PAVO National referee with national tournament officiating experience.
- Officiating coordinator or tournament director of a national, state, regional or qualifying women's college volleyball tournament (1 maximum).
- College or university women's volleyball coach (1 maximum).
Submit the completed application and a $150 pre-registration fee (check made payable to PAVO) by May 15th to PAVO PO Box 780 Oxford, KS 67119. An application can be downloaded here. If you have any questions, email Mara at NRT.Director@pavo.org:
Once an individual is accepted as a rating site candidate, the $150.00 pre-registration fee can be refunded only if the rating session is canceled or the site is filled and the applicant is unable to attend any other available sessions.
After May 15, all applications are evaluated and confirmations are sent out by June 1. If there are more applications for a particular site than can be accepted, applicants will be selected for candidacy based on the information submitted, including experience level and strength of recommendations.
Criteria for Retired National Referees
A PAVO National Referee may choose to take retired status, and maintain an affiliation with PAVO in order to remain active as a trainer for the local association. PAVO has established the following criteria:
- Hold a National Referee rating for at least two four-year terms
- Meet all requirements for local board membership and PAVO membership
A written request for retired status must be submitted to the NRT Director by the date when annual National Referee surveys are due. The request must be signed by the applicant and the local board chair.